If you’re looking for an exciting career where no two days are the same, engineering could be the perfect choice for you. Whether you’d like to go into mechanical engineering, electrical engineering or something else altogether, there are many specialties to explore and choose from.
Students who choose to study engineering in the USA will benefit from a high-class education and an internationally recognized degree, as well as networking opportunities with professionals in global companies.
What do engineers do?
Engineers use mathematics and science to efficiently solve technical problems. Many engineers are involved in developing new products. During the process, engineers consider factors such as integration of components in design, evaluation, effectiveness, safety, and cost. Many engineers are involved in designing and developing, testing, and maintenance. They control production units, investigate the reasons for any failure of components, and test the efficiency of products to maintain their quality.
Types of engineering
There are several main types of engineering, and many subtypes. Four of the main types are mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering and chemical engineering.
Mechanical engineers research, design, develop, and then produce various mechanical tools including engines and machines. They design and manufacture machines that produce power, such as electric generators, steam turbines, and combustion engines. They also manufacture machines that use power, such as refrigerators, air conditioners, elevators, industrial systems, and robots used in production.
Specialties of mechanical engineering
There are many sub-types of mechanical engineering, some examples include:
- transmission design
- aircraft engines
- prosthetic devices
- control systems
Electrical engineers design, manufacture, and evaluate various types of electrical devices. Some of these devices involve electric motors, communication systems, radar and navigation tools, and power transmission devices that are used by electrical instruments. They are also involved in designing the electrical systems in aircraft and motor vehicles. Electrical engineers are focused on power generation, its supply, and the applications of this generated power.
Specialties of electrical engineering
Electrical engineers may specialize in:
- power distribution
- surge production
- emergency backups
Closely linked – and equal in popularity – to electrical engineering is computer engineering. Computer engineering combines computer science and electrical engineering to develop digital technology, computer systems and computer networking.
Civil engineering is everything that has been built in society. This includes offices, schools, hospitals, roads and railways, power and water supply and much more. The kinds of things we take for granted but would find life very hard to live without. Civil engineers design, make and unite our world. They work to help our cities, towns and villages work effectively for the people who live and work there.
Specialties of civil engineering
Civil engineers may specialize in:
Chemical engineers use the fundamentals of chemistry to resolve issues including the manufacture and use of chemicals. They devise instruments and techniques for the production of different chemicals on a large scale, and the treatment of byproducts produced during the production of this chemical. They make chemicals that are used in producing electronics, papers, clothes, and food. They also work in biotechnology and healthcare services.
Specialties of chemical engineering
Chemical engineers may specialize in:
- polymerization processes
- oxidation processes
What engineering field should you go into?
Engineering is a wide-ranging subject with many specialties. Which engineering field you choose to study should be based on your personal interests. What are you passionate about, and how do you spend your free time? All types of engineering revolve around problem-solving and making life easier for people, but which of these problems and solutions excite you? If you have an interest in the electrical devices and systems work, for example, you may want to consider specializing in electrical engineering. If, on the other hand, you enjoy designing and building things, civil engineering might be the best choice. If you decide on a subject that genuinely interests you, you’ll find it easier to commit to your degree program and focus on your studies.
What qualifications do you need to become an engineer?
Engineering offers many career opportunities and the chance to earn a great salary – qualified engineers are in demand all around the world. The general engineering career trajectory may resemble the following path:
- Earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering – Baylor University’s Global Gateway Program will help you settle into the US and prepare you to study your engineering degree
- Specialize in your chosen engineering field with a master’s degree – Baylor’s Global Gateway Program will allow you to complete your master’s degree in the same time frame as a direct entry student.
- Gain practical experience in the industry – you can gain work experience via internships and paid positions in many countries around the world.
Build up your credentials by obtaining a professional engineering (PE) license in your specialty, attaining further professional certification, or becoming a member of professional societies. There are many societies, such as the American Academy of Environmental Engineers.
How many years does it take to become an engineer?
An engineering bachelor’s degree in the U.S. will take four years to complete. In our Master's International Year program, you can earn your graduate engineering degree in just two years. Your overall engineering education might range from two to ten years, depending on if you take a postgraduate course or work towards other professional qualifications.
Work placements will make up an important part of your engineering education. Studying in the USA will allow you access to many large, global corporations. As well as gaining real world experience while on placement, you’ll also have the opportunity to network and make professional connections for later in your career. Many companies offer jobs to their work placement students after graduation.
How to study engineering abroad in the USA
Moving abroad and starting an engineering degree program is a big change, which is why many international students choose to begin their studies at Baylor University’s Global Gateway Program.
Our team specialize in helping students like you settle into the U.S. and to Baylor’s way of teaching. Our International Year and Master’s International Year programs offer you a solid foundation in your studies so that you can go on to obtain your dream U.S. engineering qualification.
Why study engineering in the USA?
- Engineering students in the USA are advised to specialize early in their study courses. This will allow you to focus and gain knowledge and experience in your area of interest.
- American degrees are internationally recognized and respected. A U.S. education will open up many job opportunities both in the country and around the world.
- USA institutions are renowned for high quality teaching by top researchers of any specialized field.
- Engineers in the USA are highly paid across the world. The starting salaries of engineers in the USA are among the best.
- Studying in the U.S. will allow you to network with peers, academics and industry professionals. Making the most of these networking opportunities could be helpful in securing a job after graduation.
Why study Engineering at Baylor?
Baylor University is located in the small and friendly city of Waco, Texas. It ranks 76th in the U.S. for top national universities (U.S. News & World Report, 2021), and is renowned for its high-quality education.
For students who want to embark on an exciting education and a pioneering future, a degree in engineering could be for you. Baylor’s general engineering majors can select a specialty that fits their interests in the engineering field – biomedical, geo/petro, environmental, or humanitarian.
At Baylor, you’ll have the opportunity to take part in innovative engineering applications, working alongside experienced and established faculty members.